Throughout a building project, the types of equipment employed will change. Workers on foot will transport equipment, excavate holes, and work on scaffolds. Thus mini excavators, skid steers, and trenchers are very useful. Following safety tips on construction sites will help to prevent potentially fatal incidents.
For example, rolling equipment can crush operators and swinging equipment can strike ground employees. Also, machines approaching or exiting the workplace can hit pedestrians.
Operators must guarantee that they utilize their machines all of the time correctly to avoid mishaps. In addition, all personnel should follow the safety tips on construction sites below when working around these large types of machinery.
AN IN-DEPTH INSTRUCTION FOR OPERATORS
Construction sites should instruct operators about safety protocols for the individual machine before operating the heavy equipment. The operator should have both classroom and hands-on experience properly starting the equipment. They must recognize dangers that could cause the machine to operate hazardously. And operators need to understand the heavy equipment’s safety features.
In addition, operators should be aware of the heavy equipment’s load and lift capacities.
INSPECTION AND REPAIR OF EQUIPMENT
The equipment may be destroyed, or the functioning parts may be subjected to excessive wear and tear. Therefore, operators should inspect each piece of heavy equipment before using it. Look for hydraulic systems, cab controls, lighting, safety features, and tires problems.
A driver should take the machine out of operation if they notice a problem with the machine. Have a maintenance team or operators on-site familiar with changing a mini excavator track to complete the work efficiently.
To complete a project on time, never put defective equipment back into use. Instead, decommission heavy equipment if components aren’t available or the unit can’t be fully repaired to operational requirements. Pushing failing machinery to their limits only increases the risk of a workplace accident. And worst, it may result in a worker’s injury or death.
Every construction site requires building SITE spotters. They give heavy equipment operators and ground personnel visual and verbal indications to ensure that everyone has enough open space to move and perform properly. Spotters also assist operators in removing blind spots so that heavy equipment can travel without colliding with a worker or pedestrian. A spotter should wear brightly colored clothing to increase visibility. They should also know-how to steer heavy equipment about the workplace using hand gestures safely.
AWARENESS AT THE WORKPLACE
While deploying spotters can help heavy equipment operators avoid blind spots while moving or swinging their machines, they should always be aware of their surroundings. Underground wires, gas lines, and water pipelines should be identified or have barriers installed to keep the equipment from coming into direct contact with them. The wires should be de-energized or installed barriers to prevent any unintended contact when working with the overhead electrical wires.
When swinging the cab, operators should be mindful of how much clearance their vehicle has. In addition, there should be adequate room to avoid striking workers and passersby and prevent the machine from colliding with any structures or scaffolding. Also, if at all possible, avoid impediments on the ground. While heavy-duty equipment tracks and tires can travel over various surfaces and debris, materials can shift beneath the equipment on uneven or wet terrain, causing the heavy equipment to slip.
USE EQUIPMENT FOR ITS INTENDED PURPOSE
Multifunctionality is a feature of several pieces of heavy equipment. Because the machines can do so many things, the contractor can save money by using fewer pieces of equipment. However, just because heavy equipment can accomplish tasks with various attachments does not mean sites should employ them for every job on the job site.
Only utilize heavy equipment that’s suitable for the task. For example, never overload tiny heavy equipment when operating a giant machine. When raising workers into the air, never use other equipment like aerial lifts. For example, having personnel stand in the bucket attachment on an excavator or a wheel loader.
SAFETY ON THE WORKSITE IN RELATION TO THE CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
The size, type of equipment, and jobs will affect the cost of a construction project. Therefore, construction industries should devise safety procedures and protocols to handle the hazards at each location. Then, all workers should be extensively knowledgeable on these practices to ensure that everyone understands their roles in maintaining a safe and functional job site.
Source: Construction Executive