Every construction project requires a specific collection of tools to complete the task. Having the appropriate equipment for each project aids efficiency, safety, and build quality. As a result, when it comes to selecting equipment, it’s critical to be on the same page with your crew and know the construction equipment names. Some machines may be used for various tasks, while others are task-specific.
So, if you are interested in construction, here are twenty-six names of construction equipment you should know:
1. Boom Lift
A boom lift is an aerial platform that lifts employees off the ground to work on a project that is higher up. The bucket of this construction lift is usually large enough for one to two employees to stand-in. The machine is mobile thanks to wheels or a continuous band of treads. A hydraulic lift system controls the crane that lifts the bucket.
Boom lifts have two categories: articulating and telescoping. However, they are all members of the “construction lift” family.
2. Scissor Lift
Like boom lifts, scissor lifts are aerial work platforms that elevate workers. Scissor lifts can be electric or propelled by an engine. Electric scissor lifts are employed when a calmer work environment is required, whereas engine-powered lifts compromise silence for harsh terrain mobility. Operators use a jacking system to raise the buckets of scissor lifts.
Operators use forklifts to transfer things across short distances. The lift can transport items both vertically and horizontally. It has a steering wheel and dashboard controls and is efficient in warehouses. This machine is ideal for loading and unloading large goods and commodities.
There are ten different types of forklifts, each with its purpose. For example, the reach forklift within a warehouse is used to “reach” boxes and other goods at exceedingly high heights.
4. Man Lift
The man lift is for carrying construction workers between floors of buildings. Manlifts typically have four wheels and can travel around construction sites. On the other hand, these devices are occasionally immovable and must be transported on a trailer.
Manlifts employ a bending crane mechanism that raises workers’ bucket stand-in during transport using hydraulic pumps. This construction lift is excellent for any project that requires access to high altitudes.
When a forklift is insufficient, a telehandler is employed. It’s more potent than a forklift and can reach far higher places.
These large pieces of heavy machinery have an extending arm to place loads in difficult-to-reach locations. The bike also features enormous tires, which gives it a leg up on off-road terrain.
Bulldozers are crawler machines with a wide range of applications. This large gear, equipped with a metal bucket plate, is used to push, move, and compress any loose material on the job site. The metal plate can also break apart walls or other sturdy constructions and loosen compacted materials.
7. Wheel Tractor-Scrapers
Wheel tractor-scrapers are also efficient in earthmoving operations. This piece of heavy machinery has a vertically moving back hopper with a sharp edge for leveling a surface. In addition, the sharp edge and carpenter’s plane operators use for cutting ground and wood are on the front end. The two tools operate together to fill the hopper and carry whatever material has been eliminated from the region.
8. Skid Steer Loader
A skid-steer loader is a small engine-powered machine used for various tasks. A mechanism in front of the operating cabin allows for the attachment of various tools.
A skid loader can carry a variety of equipment, from buckets to loaders, and is small enough to fit into tight spaces on a job site. In addition, because the frame is stiff, using differential steering can accomplish turning (e.g., each wheel moves at a different speed, thus causing a turn).
9. Backhoe Loader
A backhoe loader is another form of a digger. This multi-purpose machine has a backhoe and a bucket in the front. It’s similar to a tractor in that an operator drives and can push items while also scooping. The backhoe loader (often referred to as a backhoe in the industry) is more common in urban locations due to its modest profile and excellent maneuverability.
An excavator is a large piece of equipment used to dig and crush material on a construction site. It comprises a hydraulic crane-like boom with sharp prongs on the end of a metal shovel. The machine is more maneuverable since the driver’s cab is mounted on a rotating platform. In addition, the machine has a moveable undercarriage made up of heavy-duty rails. Although people refer to them as a “power shovel,” an excavator and a power shovel are different.
11. Feller Buncher
Feller bunchers are a type of harvester used in the logging industry. They have a typical four-wheel base that quickly enters off-road locations. A feller buncher collects trees by wrapping many metal arms around the trunk of a tree and then snipping the base with a chainsaw. This harvester then transports the entire tree to a gathering facility, where additional equipment will break down the greenery.
The harvester or combine harvester is for harvesting grain and other comparable crops. This machine streamlines agriculture projects by combining reaping, threshing, and winnowing into a single process. In addition, it aids in separating straw from the crop, reducing the amount of physical labor required by a farmer. The giant vortex roller sucks the crop and discards the stems down a chute.
Trenchers are ideal for digging ditches, channels, and other long, narrow holes for pipelines and cables that run underground. This formidable weapon is equipped with a big metal chain made of solid steel, which it utilizes to rip roots, smaller rocks, and soil out of the ground. The wheel trencher or chain trencher, which resembles a vast chainsaw, exists in various sizes and capacities.
14. Articulated Hauler
Like any articulated truck, an articulated hauler is built with a pivot joint to increase mobility. This joint is perfect for most structural structures since it can bear enormous loads around tight curves. This dump truck has a driver’s control hub and a material pail to transport the load. Articulated haulers are four-wheel drive, allowing them to access most sites in any weather.
15. Off-Road Vehicle
The engineers designed the off-highway truck to withstand harsh conditions. Heavy-duty dump truck’s enormous wheels and thick treads allow it to go off-road and support construction and mining operations. Its primary function is moving boulders or soil from one location to another. To support even bigger loads, some models feature multi-axle dump buckets.
16. Asphalt Paver
Asphalt pavers are machines that are perfect for laying asphalt. A dump truck loads asphalt into the paver then disperses across the appropriate area before being semi-packed down and flattened by a roller. A dump truck hauling asphalt usually tows the paver.
17. Cold Planer
A cold planer removes asphalt from its original spot by grinding it. This machine drives down a space, picking up poured asphalt, milling it, and then dumping it into a dump truck through a belt system.
These machines assist in preparing a surface for fresh asphalt and the recycling of old asphalt. Because this machine is large and challenging to maneuver, it’s critical to have its position correct before beginning a task to ensure minimal shifting when milling.
18. Motor Grader
A motor grader is necessary for the construction of a road. One of the components that flattens a dirt region to build a road is this massive gear. A grader maintains a consistent grade by passing over sections with a metal plate that flattens them. It usually has six wheels and an extended snout where operators place the flattening metal plates.
While many different compactors exist, the plate compactor is the most prevalent. It has a vibrating base plate that crushes uneven particles and levels surfaces. A road rolling compactor is another typical compactor.
Road rolling compactors are great at leveling roadways for resurfacing or foundation work. In addition, trash compactors and hydraulic compactors are widespread on building sites.
20. Drum Roller
Drum rollers compress asphalt, soil, and other loose materials. Typically, this machine is typical at road construction sites. Smooth rollers and Padfoot rollers are the two types of drum rollers.
Smooth rollers apply static pressure to loose materials and employ vibration to compact them. Padfoot rollers, also known as Sheepsfoot rollers, create manipulative force in addition to static pressure and vibration, enabling uniform compaction.
21. Multi-Terrain and Compact Track Loader
Compact track loaders (CTL) and multi-terrain loaders (MLT) are compact devices that carry and load goods. Both machines have front metal plate scoops that lift and break apart enormous loads.
A CTL differs from an MTL because it is rougher and exerts enormous pressure on the ground, making it ideal for rugged terrain. As a result, the MTL is less durable, but it is standard on more delicate surfaces.
Logging operations also make use of skidders. These foresting equipment cut down trees and then carry them to a landing spot and load them onto a ship. Unlike forwarders, who carry logs a few inches above the ground, skidders drag logs to a loading location.
The forwarder is also efficient in logging operations, transporting felled logs to a loading point. This machine, usually an eight-wheel truck, is perfect for going off-road into rugged terrain. The ability to haul logs above ground gives this forestry truck an advantage over other machines. In addition, the machine’s ability eliminates dragging, which can degrade the soil.
24. Knuckle-Boom Loader
The knuckle-boom loader is excellent for working with logs. Depending on their off-road capability, specific models are more adaptable than others. For example, knuckle-boom loaders are more adaptable than wheel or trailer-based variants since they include tracks. When a forwarder delivers a log to a loading site, the knuckle-boom loader grabs it with a crane head and loads it onto a truck.
25. Towable Light Tower
A towable light tower provides illumination for projects that are taking place at night or in areas that do not have access to natural light. Operators usually use this machine with diesel and off-road. It comprises a generator and the light tower itself, connected by wheels.
26. Carry Deck Crane
A carry deck crane is a compact mobile crane with a rotating platform that rotates 360 degrees. This crane is perfect for tasks requiring the lifting of items from multiple places. The operational platform, or deck, is mounted on four wheels and features a control panel and a steering wheel.
Whatever your project entails, we hope this has provided you with further guidance in determining what equipment you’ll require. When choosing the equipment, you’ll need to keep safety and efficiency in mind to execute your task.
Some of these devices are more difficult to come by than others, but Interstate Heavy Equipment has everything you need to get the job done well, from earthmoving equipment to haul deck cranes.